Tuesday, November 24, 2009

अंतर्दशा नयनम् (antardaśā nayanam) Updated

Om Namah Sivaya

As we are discussing the very important dasa system “Chara Dasa”, let us see how Antaradasas (AD) shall be calculated according to Sage Jaimini and ancient commentaries.

यावद्विवेकमावृत्तिर्भनाम् १-१-३४

yāvadvivekamāvṛttirbhanām 1-1-34

Literal Translation: The number of years of the twelve dasa signs, do not exceed 144 and hence, to get the period of antaradasa of any dasa sign, the number of years of the dasa sign should be divided by 12.

The following relevant Vriddha Karika endoreses the same interpretation.

कृत्वार्कधा राशिदशां राशेर्भुक्तिं क्रमाद्वदेत्

एवं दशान्तर्दशादि कृत्वा तेन फलं वदेत्

kṛtvārkadhā rāśidaśāṁ rāśerbhuktiṁ kramādvadet

evaṁ daśāntardaśādi kṛtvā tena phalaṁ vadet

Now, Let us see what “Revered Parampara” tells about the calculation of Antardasa. For our discussion sake we have been calling it ND.

In this ND,

1.      ADs start from the sign occupied by the Lord of Mahadasa Sign.

2.      The direction of the AD depends on the oddity of the sign occupied by the lord of Mahadasa, that is zodiacal for odd sign and vice versa.

3.      The direction of Mahadasa depends on the odd-foot or even-foot nature of 9th house, where as direction of Antaradasa depends on the odd or even nature.

4.      In case of other rasi dasas like Ayur dasas, the start sign and direction of AD depends on the oddity of the dasa sign, not on the sign occupied by lord of Dasa sign.

Dear friends, Do you see the difference?

Is there any dictum by Sage Jaimini that differentiates the reckoning of Mahadasa and Antaradasa?

Is there any dictum by Sage Jaimini that differentiates the Phalita dasa and Ayurdasas reckoning?

Is it not logical to understand that the reckoning of MD and AD shall be same unless it is ordained differently by the Sage Jaimini? As we understand from the Jaimini Sutras, there is only one sutra that explains the way ADs shall be calculated and that was given above.

The relevent explanation of Raghava Bhatta regarding Antaradasa calculation is as follows.

अंतर्दशा नयन प्रकारस्तु सर्वत्र राशि दशायां तत्तद्राशि वत्सरान् द्वादशधा विभज्य तद्राशि मारभ्य प्रकृती चक्रवशेन अंतर्दशानेयेति

aṁtardaśā nayana prakārastu sarvatra rāśi daśāyāṁ tattadrāśi vatsarān dvādaśadhā vibhajya tadrāśi mārabhya prakṛtī cakravaśena aṁtardaśāneyeti

Literal Translation: The duration of each antardasa in every Rasi dasa is equal to the duration of Mahadasa years divided by 12. Antardasas shall always start form the Mahadasa Rasi and calculated according to the Prakriti Chakra.

Explanation : It shall be understood that number of antardasas in each Maha dasa will be equal 12. The Prakriti Chakra means reckoning in zodiacal direction for odd signs and anti-zodiacal for even signs. 

The same is the case with Nrisimha Suri in his “Sutrartha Prakasika”.

या च राशि दशाराशि भुक्तिः क्रमाद्भवेत्

सर्वदायोपि सिद्धंस्यात् प्रकृत्या भुक्ति निर्णयः

yā ca rāśi daśārāśi bhuktiḥ kramādbhavet

sarvadāyopi siddhaṁsyāt prakṛtyā bhukti nirṇayaḥ

Yet, there are different ways of antaradasa calculation, which are sparingly be used. For example, in case of Jaimini Dasas which are based on planets.

Yes, you read it correct. Jaimini dasas based on planet.  Take the case of AtmaKaraka and UpaKaraka dasas, where the number of Antaradasas will be Nine(9) and ADs run according to the Dasa planet. Sri Sanjay Rath in his JMUS interprets the following sutra as if it explained the AD calculation, where as it deals with Karaka dasa years calculation.

सतल्लाभयोरावर्तते २-४-१३

satallābhayorāvartate 2-4-13

Sri Sanjay errornously interprets that the AD start from the sign occupied by the lord of dasa sign, which is neither in context nor proper. He didn’t give “Katapayadi numeric” meaning for the sutra. If he had given Katapayaadi numeric, it wouldn’t fit his interpretation. In fact it says that the Dasa years for the respective karaka dasa sign will be equal to the greater of the count from Lagna and 7th house to the Karaka planet respectively. Please refer to Sri D.K.Sen's artcles on Jaimini available in Scribd.com about Atmakaraka Dasa, which explains this principle.

For example, if AK Mars placed in Leo for an Capricorn Lagna native, the first Karaka dasa sign will be of Atma Karaka Mars. Counting from Lagna(Capricorn) to the sign occupied by AK(Leo ), we get 8 years. Similarly counting from 7th(Cancer) to the sign occupied by AK(Leo), we get 2 years. The greater count is 8 and the dasa yeas for AK(Mars) Dasa will be 8 years. It has been unanimously agreed upon by all the commentators including ancient and modern about this, where as Sri Sanjay puts his words into Jaimini.

The following is what a Vriddha Karika authenticates about dasa years calculation of Atmakaraka dasa, which clearly shows the view given by Sri Sanjay is drastically incorrect about the above concerned sutra 2-4-13. It clearly says that the larger count from Lagna and 7th to the Karaka will give the years. And the next planet from AK will be the planet in Kendra to AK and its years will be equal to the count from planet to AK. 

लग्नात्कारकपर्यन्तं सप्तमाद् वा दशां नयेत्।

उभयोरधिका संख्या कारकस्य दशा समा॥

तद्युक्तानां ततुल्यं प्रत्येकं स्युर्दशाः क्रमात्।

ग्रहाः कारकपर्यन्तं संख्यान्यस्य दशा भवेत्॥

कारकस्तद्युतश्चादौ तत्केन्द्रादिस्थितास्ततः।

दशाक्रमेण विज्ञेयाः शुभाशुभफलप्रदाः॥ (वृ. का.)

lagnātkārakaparyantaṁ saptamād vā daśāṁ nayet |

ubhayoradhikā saṁkhyā kārakasya daśā samā ||

tadyuktānāṁ ca tatulyaṁ pratyekaṁ syurdaśāḥ kramāt |

grahāḥ kārakaparyantaṁ saṁkhyānyasya daśā bhavet ||

kārakastadyutaścādau tatkendrādisthitāstataḥ|

daśākrameṇa vijñeyāḥ śubhāśubhaphalapradāḥ || (vṛ. kā.)

I request the scholars to ponder upon the sutra and the other references given above to learn the way of calculating the antaradasas. Unless, we are very sure of the way to calculate AD, how can our dasa calculation is perfect and complete.

Seeking Blessings

Shanmukha

P.S: As I already indicated, there are many ways of calculating Antara dasas to be sparingly used and are indicated in Phalaratnamala. Since, Jyotisha Phalaratnamala is the Magnum Opus of Jaimini Astrology, we can understand them only after mastering the normal techniques. 

This small write up was written a couple of months ago, I will update it, if necessary. Meanwhile, as a visitor of this blog requested an article on how to study the Jaimini system. God willing, I will share my experience on this.

3 comments:

sun22 said...

Dear Shanmukha

Thanks a lot for explaining the Antardasa calculation. It is very good. One point I couldn't understand.

In case of Atmakaraka dasa, are the antardasa durations of unequal length as in Vimshottari dasa? Also what other methods of antardasa calculation are there?

Do keep on writing your articles.
Yours truely,
Sun22

Shanmukha said...

Dear Sun22,

Thanks for your feedback.

AD Duration will be same for each planet. It is not like Vimsottari.

Yes, there are other methods of AD Calculation like,
1. Navamsa (9 ADs)
2. Drekkana (3 ADs)
3. Dwadasamsa (12 ADs)

As you may understand that division of rasi dasa into 3 part which was propagated by a Paramapra has some classical reference (Drekkana divsion), but they mixed it with the method given in Jataka Parijata. But, in my understanding, classically in Jaimini it shall be used in Somanatha Drekkana fashion.

But, I guess there are to be sparingly used and I have no experience on these methods.

Regards,
Shanmukha

Ramadas said...

Dear Chi.Shanmukha,
That is a fantastic explanation.Now can you explain this clearly in the case of marriage when it will happen using these birth details so that everybody will understand the theory clearly. Bith Details : Female : date of Birth : 27/05/1987,Time of Birth : 13:42:02 Hrs.at a Lat.of 29N04 and a Long.of 48E05'with time zone is 3 Hrs.East of GMT.
With Blessings,
Ramadas Rao.

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