Thursday, January 13, 2011

Argala – The Linchpin

Argala – The Linchpin

Dedication: This small write up is reverentially dedicated to Sri Krishna Mishra who brought out the correct interpretation of Argala among the ancient commentators and Sri Iranganti Rangacharya for his beautiful explanation of the concept.


Note: Some of the Sanskrit verses below couldn't be given in Devanagari due to my computer problem, which I will correct later.

Om Namah Sivaya

“There is much to be discussed about Argala” – so say the experts on Jaimini System. Yet, we never find a clear cut explanation of this concept. Of course, never did I. Am I going to clear the confusion regarding Argala  in this blog? No, then what is the purpose of this post?

Well, the purpose of this post is to write a very small introduction of this concept.  While I was going to archives of some of the yahoo groups, I found that even the experienced teachers like Sri PVR Narasimha Rao writing a natural malefic in 2nd house gives a malefic Argala. Yet, there are some silly argument that a planet in Virodha Argala sign do harm even if no planet in Argala sign. Some scholars write, planets in 2nd, 4th, 11th houses from any house give Argala for that house.These are very much contrast to the basic concept of Argala. Then, I decided to introduce the Argala concept in a step by step basis, with reference to the commentaries.

Sage Jaimini stated his divine science with the word “Upadesam”. The letter “U” refers to Lord Shiva. Hence Sage invocating Lord Shiva’s feet started his description of the science. According to Yadava Kosa, the letter “U” refers to Lord Vishnu. So, it can be understood that the Sage invocated Lord Vishnu also. Now, Updesam is a imparting the knowledge in a very mythological and secretive way.  Thus, became this Jaimini System is a very secret branch of divination and has been kept for centuries.
The very next sutra deals with aspects.

अभिपश्यन्ति ऋक्षाणि --
abhipaśyanti ṛkṣāṇi 1-1-2

पार्श्वभे --
pārśvabhe ca 1-1-3

तन्निष्टाश्च तद्वत् --
tanniṣṭāśca tadvat 1-1-4

Translation: The above three sutras explain that Signs do aspect the frontal signs, signs in both sides and the planets there in aspect as the signs do. Here it is to be understood that Sage Jaimini gave importance to the frontal aspect. So, it is very important to first look at the frontal sign aspect, and then go from lateral aspect.

So, what Sage is instructing us? He first explained how Drishti to be reckoned from signs in contrast to the Graha Drishti. It is just like telling this another type of aspect. Then, he instructs us which does have aspect. That is, explaining planet in these signs have aspect. As a sign always have aspect on the opposite and beside signs, which is permanent doesn’t add the dynamism that translates the horoscope unless there is a planet. The planet in aparticular sign having aspect in Rasi Drishti will add the dynamic influence.

Let me state another Vriddha Karika explains that aspects be calculated only for planets, not for the signs, though we use the misnomer term Rasi Drishti.
चरस्थः स्थिरगं पश्येत् स्थिरस्थः चरराशिगम्।
उभयस्थं तूभयगो निकटस्थं विनाग्रहम्॥
carasthaḥ sthiragaṁ paśyet sthirasthaḥ cararāśigam |
ubhayasthaṁ tūbhayago nikaṭasthaṁ vināgraham ||

Then,  comes the very important sutra as follows.

दारभाग्य शूलस्थार्गळा निध्यातुः --
dārabhāgya śūlasthārgaḻā nidhyātuḥ 1-1-5

As most of the students know, दार = 4, भाग्य = 2 शूल= 11.

Translation: So, the planets in 4th, 2nd, 11th from the ******, give Argala. What do the ****** doing there. This is where the confusion comes in. Most scholars interpret the above word as sign. Is it correct interpretation? This question needs to asked by every student as my guru puts it Argala is the linchpin of the Jaimini Astrology. Without understanding this Jaimini will ever be hardnut to crack.

The keyword here Jaimini puts in is निध्यातुः


What’s that? It’s literal meaning is the one which has sight. So, the 4th, 2nd and 11th houses from the aspecting one provide the Argala. Which is the Aspecting one? Is it the sign, or all signs, or Lagna, or all the bhavas?

As Sage Jaimini mentioned all signs do aspect, then is there a need of the word Nidhyatuh in the above Argala sutra? Even without the word, the meaning suffices to say that 4th, 2nd, and 11th are the Argala places.

Another point as mentioned a couple of paragraphs above, Sage mentioned above only another drishti in contrast to longitudinal based Graha Drishti. So, here aspecting ones in the above Argala sutra are only the planets and NOT the signs. If Sage wanted to mention that signs without occupancy of a planet do aspect, then there is no meaning of specific word Nidhyatu as all signs become Nidhyata.

So, it is evident from the discussion above that only we need to calculate Argala for aspecting planet. This aspecting planet is also called Drashta which is an equivalent term of Nidhyata.

कामस्था तु भूयसा पापानाम् १-१-६
kāmasthā tu bhūyasā pāpānām 1-1-6

Translation:This next sutra talks about the more than two malefic planets constitute Argala. Why more than two, why not only two? The key word here is भूयसा, which is plural. In Sanskrit we have sigular, dual, and plural in contrast to many other languages. So, only more than two malefic planets in 3rd house constitute Argala.

riḥphanīca kāmasthā virodhinaḥ 1-1-7
Translation: The planets in 10th, 12th and 3rd respectively provide obstruction (virodha) to the Argala formed by the planets in 4th, 2nd and 11th houses.

na nyūnāvibalāsca 1-1-8
Translation: The planets in the Virodha Argala signs do not obstruct when they are small in number or weaker than the planets in Argala signs.

This is very important rider as the smaller in number don’t obstruct the Argala is fine, but if they are equal in number, then we need to ascertain the relative strength of the both parties and then decide the result. This is often overlooked, for the planets equal in number in both Argala and Virodha signs is not very common.

prāgvat trikoṇe 1-1-9
Translation: Similarly, the trinal signs (5th, 9th signs) Argala may be understood in the above lines.

Most commentators seems to understand that 5th sign is Argala sign and the 9th sign is Virodha Argala sign. Here, it is to be noted that the Sage used plural word “TrikoNe”, which means that both trines are Argala signs. The, which are the Virodha Argala signs? The riddle can be solved by taking an alternative argument that if planets are in 5th house cause Argala, then planets in 9th cause Virodha Argala and vice versa.

viparītam ketoḥ 1-1-10
Translation: The Argala shall be reckoned in reverse manner for the sign occupied by Ketu.

It clearly indicate that for the signs occupied by Ketu 10th, 12th, and 3rd are the Argala signs and 4th, 2nd and 11th are respectively the Virodha Argala signs. Why, we need to calculate in reverse manner for Ketu? As Ketu moves in reverse, so do the Argala calculation. If that is the case, then we need to calculate reverse manner to Rahu as well.

To support this argument, we have some classical references “viparītam rāhuketvoḥ” as an alternative text. This needs to be probed further. Nevertheless, it clearly proves the concept of Argala be calculated only for planets, not to the signs.

Thus far, we have three types of Argala. Is there any difference between them, or they are same? For example is a planet in 4th is equivant to the planet in 5th? The answer is NO. There is a clear cut classification between these Argala, which I introduce below.

The Argala can be divided into three main concepts.
  1. Primary Argala
  2. Visesha Argala
  3. Trikona Argala

Primary Argala: The planets in 4th, 2nd and 11th places form primary argala. Any planet either natural benefic or malefic in these primary Argala place constitute Subha (Benefic)  Argala. So, the believed notion of a natural malefic in 2nd house is bad is not acceptable in Jaimini System. Any planet will have a benefic bearing on the aspecting planet, if it is placed in the respective Argala houses. Similarly, we need to ascertain the strength of the planets Virodha Argala signs.

Visesha Argala: Only more than two malefic planets in 3rd house provide a benefic Argala and this Argala never be obstructed. This is a special case of Argala, which is rare and we can observe this type of Argala in the charts of Queen Victoria etc.

Trikona Argala: In this Argala, only benefic planets in 5th or 9th house constitute benefic Argala. For example, any natural benefic or an exalted planet in 5th house from aspecting planet results in benefic Argala, which is basically results in Dhana Yoga. Similarly, natural malefic or debilitated planet in 5th house doesn’t provide Argala at all. Further Rahu in Trine definitely spoils many positive Yogas in the chart.

Well, why do you need to believe this classification, while this is not explicitely stated in Jaimini Sutras? The answer lies in the following indispensable Vriddha Karika.

bhaya puṇya vinā bhāvādraṣṭurāhuḥ śubhārgaḻam sphuṭago jñeya bhāvāttu viparītārgalaṁ viduḥ
yasya pāpaḥ śubho vā pi grahastiṣṭhet śubhārgale
tena draṣṭe (yukte) kṣitaṁ lagnaṁ prābalyāyopakalpate yadi tasmātgrahastatra viparītārgaḻa sthitaḥ
tena draṣṭe (yukte) kṣitaṁlagnaṁ daurbalyāyopakalpate

Translation: Bhaya = 2, Punya = 11, vina = 4 houses from the aspecting planet are subha Argala places. Sphuta = 12, ga = 3, jneya = 10 houses are the virodhargala places. Either benefic or malefic planets in the above said Argala places results in Subha Argala. The planet aspecting Ascendant having Argala will strengthen the Lagna. If at all, planet aspecting the ascendant is having Argala obstructed by planets in Virodha Argala places, will results in weakness of the Ascendant.

As you can see from the above Vriddha Karika, it is very clear that any planet either malefic or benefic in the Argala places results in Subha (Benefic Argala) only and if the aspecting planet without being obstructed by Virodha Argala will result in strength to the bhava. So, we have an authentic information about Primary Argala. What about the other two? To be frank, we can’t find much description or usage of this Vishesha Argala involving only malefic planets in the available ancient commentaries, but for its mention in the Jaiminmi Sutras. The Trikona Argala was mentioned in Jyotisha Phalaratnamala 5th chapter as “Kone Paadamiti Brivanti”. Sri Krishna Mishra mentions a variety of Argala in quantifying the strength of Argala and allots one quarter strength to the benefic planets in Trikona places. Remember he mentions only benefic planets in the trines and any planet in other Primary Argala places.

In the above Karika, it was mentioned only about the Ascendant only. Why only Ascendant? The answer is that it is the planet which aspects the Lagna with unobstructed Argala gives the Rajayoga to the native. We will go into Argala Rajayogas, may be, in Part 2 of this write up.

Let me know how do you like this article.

Wish You All A Happy Sankranti.

Best Wishes,
Shanmukha

8 comments:

sreenadh said...

Nice writeup. Thanks for sharing. It is very rare to find such sincere and scholarly efforts to know the true perspective of ancient classics regarding specific astro matters.

narayan iyer said...

Namaste,

Excellent. Perhaps when you find time, please follow any statement which you are clarifying or explaining with a simple example, so as to remove any doubt from the readers mind.

Thanks
Warm Regards
Narayan

suresh_kamle said...

Very clear explanation.I think only Bhav Lagna (not traditional krantivruttiy lagna) should be used for applying Jaimineey Sootrani and planetary position must be based on Soorya Siddhanta. Please give your opinion.
Suresh Kamle

VENU GOPAL ACHARYA said...

Thank you for sharing such information with us. It will be encouraging for beginners like me to continue my study on the astrology.
My Father has explained me about Argala two years ago and the three kinds of Argala like that of you stated in this article but not in depth explanation like this.----------Venu Gopal Acharya

Albert said...

Thank you for sharing such information with us. It will be encouraging for beginners like me to continue my study on the astrology.

Anonymous said...

Is there any argument when the Rishi says "Rikshyaani" ? who aspects in front or backwards? It is "rikshaani" then why doubt the rishi further ?

Any view please.

charllizz said...

Thank you - reading was a deligh

"The planets in the Virodha Argala signs do not obstruct when they are small in number or weaker than the planets in Argala signs".

>>>What does a number mean? A degree?
__________________________________

I hear about secondary argalas from 5& 8 - is it confusion with 5 and 9?
>>> Or ther is some 8H argala? (it's form S.Rath school)

Thank you again!))

Shanmukha said...

Dear Sir,

The relevant sutra is "Na nyuna vibalascha". It means nyuna - less number of planets or the weak planets do not obstruct the Argala.

Ancient commentators had diversified views on this sutra. However, if less number of planets are in Virodha Argala places do not obstruct, may be taken as correct.

AFAIK, 8th sign doesn't participate in Argala. As we know every sign has a bearing on other sign, and we can include all 12 signs in Argala.

I don't know the source of the referred school. It may not be definitely from Jaimini Sutras, but may be an improvisation or extrapolation by them.

Regards,
Shanmukha

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